Clinic Neo

Treating Piles, Fissures, and Fistulas with Modern Laser Technology: A Less Painful Solution

What are Piles?

Piles, medically known as hemorrhoids, are swollen blood vessels in or around the lower rectum and anus. When the walls of these vessels stretch, they become irritated. Piles are caused by increased pressure in the lower rectum due to straining during bowel movements, sitting for long periods, chronic constipation or diarrhea, being overweight, or during pregnancy and childbirth. While not typically dangerous, they can lead to discomfort, bleeding, and other complications. Piles Treatment in Nepal is easy nowadays. Lifestyle changes, such as eating a high-fiber diet and drinking plenty of fluids, can help prevent and manage symptoms, while more severe cases may require topical treatments, procedures, or surgery.

Types of Piles

There are two primary types of Piles: internal and external. Internal Piles is located inside the rectum, they are usually painless because there are fewer pain-sensing nerves in the rectum. Symptoms might include bleeding during bowel movements and a prolapse, or slipping down of the hemorrhoid, during strain. External Piles are found under the skin around the anus; these can be itchy or painful. If a blood clot forms within an external hemorrhoid, it can lead to severe pain, swelling, inflammation, and a hard lump near the anus.

what is piles

Causes of Piles

Piles can be caused by several factors, including:

  1. Straining During Bowel Movements: Excessive straining during bowel movements, often due to constipation, can contribute to the development of Piles.
  2. Chronic Constipation or Diarrhea: Irregular bowel habits, such as chronic constipation or diarrhea, can put pressure on the rectal veins, leading to Piles.
  3. Obesity: Being overweight or obese can increase the pressure on the rectal veins, making individuals more susceptible to Piles.
  4. Pregnancy: The increased pressure on the pelvic area during pregnancy can cause Piles to develop or worsen.
  5. Sedentary Lifestyle: Lack of physical activity and prolonged sitting can contribute to poor circulation and increase the risk of Piles.

Understanding the underlying causes of Piles is crucial for implementing effective preventive measures and treatment strategies.

लक्षण र निदान

Piles or hemorrhoids manifest through symptoms like painless bleeding during bowel movements, itching or irritation, discomfort, swelling, and lumps around the anus. Internal Piles, located inside the rectum, often cause bleeding without pain, while external hemorrhoids can be felt as lumps and cause significant discomfort and irritation. Diagnosis typically involves a physical examination, including a visual inspection for external piles and a digital rectal exam for internal ones. For a more detailed assessment, healthcare providers may use anoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, or colonoscopy to examine the anal canal and lower rectum, ensuring accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment planning.

Lifestyle Modifications

Making simple lifestyle changes can significantly impact the prevention and management of Piles. These include:

  • Dietary Modifications: Consuming a high-fiber diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes can promote regular bowel movements and reduce the risk of constipation, a common trigger for Piles.
  • Hydration: Adequate hydration is essential for softening stools and easing bowel movements. Drinking plenty of water throughout the day is recommended.
  • Regular Exercise: Engaging in regular physical activity can improve overall circulation, maintain healthy bowel function, and reduce the risk of Piles.
  • Avoiding Prolonged Sitting: Taking breaks from prolonged sitting, especially on hard surfaces, can help prevent excessive pressure on the rectal veins.

By incorporating these lifestyle modifications, individuals can create a supportive environment for Piles prevention and management.

Medical Treatments

Medical treatments for Piles aim to alleviate symptoms and reduce inflammation. These treatments may include:

  • Over-the-Counter (OTC) Remedies: Creams, ointments, and suppositories containing ingredients like witch hazel, hydrocortisone, or lidocaine can provide relief from itching, pain, and swelling.
  • Topical Treatments: Applying cold packs or warm sitz baths can help reduce swelling and discomfort associated with Piles.
  • Oral Medications: Non-prescription pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs may be recommended to manage pain and inflammation.
  • In-Office Procedures: For persistent or severe Piles, healthcare providers may perform procedures such as rubber band ligation, sclerotherapy, or infrared coagulation to shrink or remove the hemorrhoidal tissue.
  • Prescription Medications: In some cases, prescription-strength medications or corticosteroids may be prescribed to address inflammation and symptoms.

Individuals experiencing severe or recurrent Piles symptoms should consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and tailored treatment recommendations.

Ayurvedic Approaches

Ayurveda, an ancient Indian holistic healing system, offers natural remedies and therapies for various health conditions, including Piles. Some Ayurvedic approaches for Piles treatment include:

  • Herbal Supplements: Herbs like Triphala, Haritaki, and Aloe Vera are commonly used in Ayurveda to promote bowel health, reduce inflammation, and support digestive function.
  • Ayurvedic Formulations: Ayurvedic practitioners may recommend specific formulations or preparations containing herbs and natural ingredients to alleviate Piles symptoms.
  • Dietary Recommendations: Ayurvedic dietary principles focus on balancing the body’s doshas (energetic forces) through mindful eating, including fiber-rich foods, digestive spices, and hydrating fluids.

It’s important to consult a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner for personalized recommendations and safe usage of Ayurvedic remedies for Piles.

Home Remedies

In addition to medical and Ayurvedic treatments, several home remedies can provide relief from Piles symptoms. These include:

  • Warm Sitz Baths: Soaking the affected area in warm water several times a day can help reduce pain, itching, and inflammation.
  • Cold Compresses: Applying cold packs or ice packs wrapped in a cloth to the anal area can numb the pain and reduce swelling.
  • Witch Hazel Compresses: Witch hazel, a natural astringent, can be applied to Piles using a clean cloth or cotton ball to soothe irritation and shrink swollen veins.
  • Hygiene Practices: Keeping the anal area clean and dry, using mild, unscented soaps, and avoiding harsh wipes or toilet paper can prevent further irritation and promote healing.
  • Fiber Supplements: If dietary fiber intake is inadequate, fiber supplements like psyllium husk or methylcellulose can help soften stools and ease bowel movements.

While home remedies can provide temporary relief, they are not a substitute for medical evaluation and treatment, especially for severe or persistent Piles symptoms.

Surgical Interventions

For individuals with severe or persistent Piles that do not respond to conservative treatments, surgical interventions may be necessary. Some common surgical procedures for Piles include:

  • Hemorrhoidectomy: This surgical procedure involves the removal of hemorrhoidal tissue. It is typically recommended for large, external hemorrhoids or internal hemorrhoids that protrude outside the anus and cause significant discomfort.
  • Stapled Hemorrhoidopexy (PPH): Also known as procedure for prolapse and hemorrhoids (PPH), this minimally invasive surgery involves using a circular stapling device to remove excess tissue and reposition the remaining hemorrhoidal tissue back into its normal position.
  • Sclerotherapy: In this procedure, a sclerosing agent is injected into the hemorrhoidal tissue, causing it to shrink and eventually resolve. Sclerotherapy is often used for smaller internal hemorrhoids or as a secondary treatment option.
  • Rubber Band Ligation: This procedure involves placing a rubber band around the base of internal hemorrhoids to cut off blood supply, leading to shrinkage and eventual sloughing off of the hemorrhoidal tissue.
  • Laser Treatment: Laser therapy may be used to shrink and seal off blood vessels in the hemorrhoidal tissue, reducing symptoms and promoting healing.

Surgical interventions for Piles are typically reserved for cases where conservative measures have been ineffective, and the symptoms significantly impact the individual’s quality of life.

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Prevention and Management

Preventing Piles and effectively managing the condition involve adopting healthy habits and addressing underlying factors that contribute to Piles development. Key preventive and management strategies include:

  • Healthy Diet: Consuming a balanced diet rich in fiber, fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can promote regular bowel movements and prevent constipation, a common risk factor for Piles.
  • Hydration: Drinking an adequate amount of water throughout the day helps keep stools soft and facilitates smooth bowel movements, reducing strain on the rectal veins.
  • Regular Exercise: Engaging in physical activity, such as walking, swimming, or yoga, improves circulation, maintains healthy bowel function, and reduces the risk of Piles.
  • Avoiding Straining: Avoiding excessive straining during bowel movements by not delaying bathroom visits and using proper posture on the toilet can prevent undue pressure on the rectal veins.
  • Maintaining Healthy Weight: Maintaining a healthy weight through a combination of regular exercise and a balanced diet reduces the strain on the pelvic area and lowers the risk of developing Piles.
  • Good Hygiene Practices: Practicing good anal hygiene, including gentle cleansing with warm water or unscented wipes, helps prevent infections and irritation in the anal area.
  • Regular Check-ups: Routine check-ups with a healthcare provider can help detect early signs of Piles or other gastrointestinal issues, allowing for prompt intervention and treatment.

By incorporating these preventive measures and management strategies into daily life, individuals can reduce the risk of developing Piles and effectively manage existing symptoms.

Understanding the Psychological Impact

Beyond the physical symptoms, Piles can also have a significant psychological impact on individuals. The discomfort, embarrassment, and lifestyle disruptions caused by Piles can lead to emotional stress, anxiety, and reduced quality of life. It’s essential to address the psychological aspects of Piles by:

  • Seeking Support: Talking to family members, friends, or healthcare professionals about Piles-related concerns can provide emotional support and guidance.
  • Counseling: Professional counseling or therapy sessions can help individuals cope with the psychological challenges of living with Piles, manage stress, and improve overall well-being.
  • Education and Awareness: Increasing awareness and understanding of Piles within the community can reduce stigma, encourage open conversations, and promote empathy and support for individuals dealing with Piles.

By addressing the psychological impact of Piles and seeking appropriate support and resources, individuals can better manage the emotional aspects associated with the condition.

Diet and Nutrition Tips

Maintaining a healthy diet and proper nutrition play a crucial role in preventing and managing Piles. Some dietary tips and recommendations include:

  • High-Fiber Foods: Incorporate fiber-rich foods such as whole grains, fruits, vegetables, legumes, and nuts into your daily meals. Fiber helps soften stools, promote regular bowel movements, and prevent constipation, reducing the risk of Piles.
  • Hydration: Drink an adequate amount of water throughout the day to stay hydrated and keep stools soft and easy to pass.
  • Limit Processed Foods: Minimize intake of processed foods, refined sugars, and excessive fats, as these can contribute to digestive issues and constipation.
  • Healthy Fats: Include sources of healthy fats such as avocados, olive oil, nuts, and seeds in your diet to support overall digestive health.
  • Probiotics: Incorporate probiotic-rich foods like yogurt, kefir, sauerkraut, and kimchi to promote a healthy gut microbiome and improve digestion.
  • Avoid Trigger Foods: Identify and avoid foods that may exacerbate Piles symptoms, such as spicy foods, caffeine, alcohol, and greasy or fried foods.

By making mindful choices about diet and nutrition, individuals can support digestive health, reduce the risk of Piles, and improve overall well-being.

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Importance of Hygiene

Maintaining proper hygiene is essential for preventing infections, reducing irritation, and promoting healing in individuals with Piles. Some important hygiene practices include:

  • Gentle Cleansing: Use mild, unscented soaps or wipes to cleanse the anal area gently after bowel movements. Avoid harsh or perfumed products that can irritate sensitive skin.
  • Warm Water Baths: Taking warm sitz baths or soaking in a tub filled with warm water can help soothe discomfort, reduce inflammation, and promote cleanliness.
  • Pat Dry: After cleansing, pat the anal area dry with a soft towel. Avoid rubbing or using rough materials that can cause irritation.
  • Change Undergarments: Change underwear regularly, especially if they become damp or soiled, to maintain cleanliness and prevent bacterial growth.
  • Avoid Irritants: Avoid using scented toilet paper, harsh wipes, or products containing alcohol or fragrances in the anal area, as these can aggravate Piles and cause irritation.

By practicing good hygiene habits, individuals can minimize the risk of infections, alleviate discomfort, and support the healing process in Piles management.

Alternative Therapies

In addition to conventional medical treatments, some individuals may explore alternative therapies or complementary approaches for Piles management. These alternative therapies include:

  • Acupuncture: Acupuncture, a traditional Chinese medicine practice, involves inserting thin needles into specific points on the body to promote healing, reduce pain, and improve overall well-being. Some individuals may find acupuncture beneficial for relieving Piles symptoms.
  • Yoga and Meditation: Engaging in yoga poses, stretches, and meditation techniques can help reduce stress, improve circulation, and promote relaxation, which may contribute to better Piles management.
  • Herbal Supplements: Certain herbal supplements and natural remedies, such as horse chestnut extract, butcher’s broom, and bilberry extract, are believed to have anti-inflammatory and vein-strengthening properties that may benefit individuals with Piles.
  • Essential Oils: Using essential oils such as tea tree oil, lavender oil, or chamomile oil in diluted form as topical applications or in aromatherapy sessions may provide soothing effects and alleviate Piles-related discomfort
  • Mindfulness Practices: Incorporating mindfulness practices, such as deep breathing exercises, guided imagery, and relaxation techniques, can help individuals manage stress, reduce anxiety, and improve overall well-being, which may indirectly benefit Piles management.

While alternative therapies can complement conventional treatments and promote holistic well-being, it’s crucial to consult with healthcare professionals before trying any new therapies, especially if you have underlying health conditions or are taking medications.


Piles, fissures and fistulas are common anorectal conditions that can greatly affect a person’s quality of life. Such conditions cause much bodily pain and may furthermore have emotional as well as social impacts that result in difficulties encountered in daily life activities as well as mental wellness. When these conditions are not addressed promptly and effectively, they could have serious complications. Nonetheless, the use of laser technology is one innovation that has changed the treatment of these ailments leading to less painful methods which are however highly efficient.

Understanding Laser Technology

Due to precision, effectiveness, and minimally invasive nature, Laser technology has become a cornerstone of modern medical treatment. This technology uses strong light to remove, cut or burn tissues with high level of accuracy. It finds applications in various fields of medicine like dermatology, ophthalmology and proctology which brings better results than traditional ways. For piles, fissures, and fistulas treatment; laser technology has offered the best options for patients since they recover faster as well as experience less pain.

Laser Treatment for Piles

piles laser treatment detailed

Hemorrhoids, popularly known as piles, are inflamed veins in the anus or lower rectum. Sometimes they could be internal or external and often lead to severe pain, itching and bleeding. Common interventions for piles include lifestyle changes, drugs administration and in cases where there is a serious condition there may be a need for surgery like hemorrhoidectomy. However, these methods are often associated with great pain, longer recovery periods and higher risks of complications.

Laser hemorrhoidoplasty is an advanced procedure that involves concentrating a laser beam on shrinking and destroying hemorrhoidal tissues. This method does not require any cuts hence it minimizes chances of infection and post-operative distress that is common to conventional procedures. The lasers focus on target tissue while sealing off blood vessels facilitating quick healing process. Patients feel very little pain during the operation and after it which allows them to recover much faster than if they had been subjected to traditional surgical methods and go back to their normal routine within a short time period.

piles laser treatment detailed

Laser Treatment for Fissure

fissure laser treatment

Anal fissure is a small fracture in the mucosal epithelium of the anus which may cause severe pain, bleeding and discomfort during defecation. The conventional cure for this condition are dietary changes, creams, bathing, and if need be surgery to loosen the anal sphincter.

Laser fissurectomy is a new technique that provides a less invasive alternative with better results. By using laser light as surgical instrument, it removes the broken part and encourages quick healing without any extensive operation. It causes almost no pain; reduces chances of its recurrence and speeds up recuperation. Afterward patients usually have more comfort and shorter time to full recovery from this syndrome.

Laser Treatment for Fistula

fistula laser treatment

An anal fistula is an abnormal tunnel connecting the anus and the skin, mostly as a result of infection that has not properly healed. Often times invasive, painful in nature and long time for recovery are experienced with traditional surgical approaches such as fistulotomy and seton placement.

Laser fistulotomy is a groundbreaking procedure whereby laser energy is used to obliterate the fistula tract resulting in eradication of infection and healing promotion. Minimally invasive surgery causes lower pain levels and less bleeds compared to traditional surgery besides having shorter recuperation periods. The patient can recover fast enough to return to normal activities without complications following this method.

fistula laser treatment

Why Clinic Neo is the best choice for Piles, Fissure and Fistula treatment in Nepal?

It is important that you get immediate medical help from our licensed healthcare specialists at Clinic Neo if your piles, fissure and fistula symptoms are severe or persistent. Our team of professionals is made up of senior gastrointestinal surgeons from the Teaching Hospital, who bring years of knowledge and expertise to each patient visit.

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Experienced Piles Surgeons

Our senior gastrointestinal surgeons are committed to delivering customized care and effective treatment options for piles, fissure and fistula. They are highly skilled in the diagnosis and treatment of GI disorders, so you will get the best care available.

Piles, Fissure and Fistula Laser Treatment

Clinic Neo is at the forefront of piles, fissure and fistula treatment using sophisticated laser therapy. The method by which piles, fissure and fistula laser treatment operates is to target and reduce the inflammatory hemorrhoidal tissue with a specific laser. This laser precisely targets the damaged area with a concentrated beam of light energy. The extra tissue is heated and vaporized by the laser as it interacts with the hemorrhoidal tissue, which causes it to shrink.

Advanced Facilities

Modern equipment and facilities at Clinic Neo allow us to provide our patients with precise and secure laser procedures. We can provide efficient treatments while putting the safety and comfort of our patients first thanks to our state-of-the-art infrastructure and equipment.

Multiple Locations

With clinics in Lokanthali, Bhaktapur, and Pokhara, Clinic Neo makes it convenient for patients across Nepal to access our specialized piles, fissure and fistula treatment services. Our numerous locations guarantee that people can get timely care without having to deal with the inconvenience of traveling great distances.

Expectations When Visiting Clinic Neo for Piles Laser Treatment

When you visit Clinic Neo for Piles laser surgery, you can expect:

  • Consultation: Schedule an appointment with our experienced gastro proctologists specializing in treating gastrointestinal and anal conditions, including piles, fissure and fistula.
  • Symptom Discussion: Describe your Piles symptoms in detail during your consultation. Our healthcare providers will inquire about discomfort, bleeding frequency, changes in bowel habits, and any associated factors such as diet, exercise, or stress levels.
  • Physical Examination: Our healthcare providers will conduct a thorough physical examination, including a visual inspection of the anal area, digital rectal exam, and possibly additional tests such as a colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy to assess the extent of piles, fissure and fistula and rule out other underlying conditions.
  • Treatment Options: Based on the evaluation, our healthcare providers will discuss various treatment options tailored to your specific condition. These options may include lifestyle modifications, medications, procedures, or surgery as appropriate for your piles, fissure and fistula management.
    Follow-Up Care: After initiating treatment, our healthcare providers will recommend follow-up appointments as needed for monitoring progress, addressing any concerns or side effects, and adjusting treatment plans if necessary.

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